Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Is Law School Still a Safe Bet

It takes guts to sue a law school. So why is everyone doing it? In the past few months, graduates of New York Law School and Michigans Thomas M. Cooley LawSchool have filed lawsuits against their alma maters for inflating employment and salary statistics. This year alone, three New York Law and four Cooley graduates have filed complaints against their schools. An article in BusinessWeek (New York Law School Sued for Inflating Job, Pay Statistics) looks at what might have sparked the uproar. For starters, law students are still struggling to find jobs in a floundering economy. Moreover, the National Association for Law Placements report (which covered 93% of 2010 law school graduates) shows that starting salaries for last years law school graduates are down 20% as of last month. Its a perfect storm: if the law industry is offering low salaries and no jobs, why go to law school? And thats exactly why these students feel misled. The graduates argue that New York law and Cooleys marketing techniques utilize false advertising. They believe the schools posted job statistics that did not specify where graduates were employed (big difference between waiting tables at a coffee shop and clerking at the Supreme Court). Both New York Law and Cooley stand by their job placement rates. Richard A. Matasar, dean of New York Law School, said, These claims are without merit and we will vigorously defend against them in court. Meanwhile, an article in Inside Higher Ed (Suing Over Jobs) looks at how the schools may not be the only ones responsible. The regulating institutions of higher education could be more on top of their statistics to ensure that they reflect information that will properly prepare students for the job prospects ahead. The American Bar Association (ABA) and the National Association for Legal Career Professionals (NALP) have already taken steps to ensure law schools are more careful with the statistics they publicize to prospective students. The newly proposed ABA survey will specifically ask students if their school funds their employment positions and if they are long or short term. NALP thinks these changes will not be effective, but it is certainly a step in the right direction. Accepted.com ~ Helping You Write Your Best (function(){ var hsjs = document.createElement("script"); hsjs.type = "text/javascript"; hsjs.async = true; hsjs.src = "//cta-service.cms.hubspot.com/cta-service/loader.js?placement_guid=f7194309-c027-49a1-b1c8-6504b3936166"; (document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0]||document.getElementsByTagName("body")[0]).appendChild(hsjs); setTimeout(function() {document.getElementById("hs-cta-f7194309-c027-49a1-b1c8-6504b3936166").style.visibility="hidden"}, 1); setTimeout(function() {document.getElementById("hs-cta-f7194309-c027-49a1-b1c8-6504b3936166").style.visibility="visible"}, 2000); })(); (function() { var po = document.createElement('script'); po.type = 'text/javascript'; po.async = true; po.src = 'https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js'; var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(po, s); })(); Photo credit: bloomsberries

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Buddhism The Four Noble Truths, The Eightfold Path, And...

Buddhism is an important philosophical tradition because it focuses on how each of us can be a better person, and to reach our best potential through three key cornerstones: The Four Noble Truths, The Eightfold Path, and the idea of the attainment of Nirvana. Siddhartha Gautama, who was the son of a very wealthy regional king of the Sakyas, founded Buddhism about 2500 years ago. In order to help him to reach his prophesized goal of being a â€Å"Chakravartin† or Universal King of India, his father kept him â€Å"shielded from contact with sickness, decrepitude, and death,† (Smith, 84). He later became disillusioned as is told in the â€Å"Legend of the Four Passing Sights†, in which he encountered a decrepit old man who showed him old age, a person with disease, a corpse that showed him death, and finally a monk from which â€Å"he learned of the life of withdrawal from the world,† (Smith, 84). It was this chain of events that led him to leave his lavish world and family behind to pursue other interests when he turned 29. This event came to be known later as his â€Å"Great Going Forth†. During his journey to attain enlightenment, he went through 3 phases. â€Å"His first act was to seek out two of the foremost Hindu masters of the day and pick their brains for the wisdom in their vast tradition. He learned a great deal- about raja yoga especially, but about Hindu philosophy as well†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Smith, 84). He would later use what he learned about raja yoga during his time under the Bodhi Tree. His next stageShow MoreRelatedEssay on Budism by Huston Smith1605 Words   |  7 PagesBuddhism As a college student that has lived and grown up in western New York, I do not have too much experience with the other religions of the world. I have grown up a Christian Protestant my whole life, and I am a firm believer in my religion. Soon after reading the chapter on Buddhism in Huston Smith’s book The World’s Religions, I came to understand and respect the Buddhist religion. I came to learn who the Buddha as a man really was, and the steps he took in becoming a religious icon. IRead More Buddhism Essay1569 Words   |  7 PagesSoon after reading the chapter on Buddhism in Huston Smith’s book The World’s Religions, I came to understand and respect the Buddhist religion. I came to learn who the Buddha as a man really was, and the steps he took in becoming a religious icon. I know understand that Buddhism is not all meditation and relaxing. There is a strict code of the four noble truths and the prescription of getting through them called the eightfold path. Much like Christianity Buddhism also has many different views onRead MoreThe Prince Gautama Siddharta1242 Words   |  5 Pagesme food and drink, ministering to my feeble and feverish body. This I have learned: there is no hope in words alone; no hope in ascetic practices alone, but there is hope in human kindness. I have been a fool and found a path. It was at this moment when Siddharta realized the path to enlightenment wasn t self deprecation or meditating alone, but was being kind to others and understanding and exhibiting humility. Gautama Siddharta not only created one of the three world religions, but he also inspiredRead MoreMahayana and Theravada Buddhism871 Words   |  4 Pagesbetween Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism? The Theravada Buddhist believed that they practiced the original teachings of Buddhism as it was handed down to them by Buddha. Theravada Buddhism corresponds fairly exactly with the teachings of Buddha. Theravada Buddhism is based on the Four Noble Truths and the idea that all physical reality is a chain of causation. This includes the cycle of birth and rebirth. Through the practice of Eightfold Noble Path and the Four Cardinal Virtues, an individualRead MoreEssay on Religious Tradition of Nirvana in Hinduism and Buddism1317 Words   |  6 PagesThe word nirvana is heard pretty often. For example, people might say theyve achieved nirvana when theyre really happy or they might talk about going to nirvana as an eternal reward after death. Then, of course, there’s the rock band who adopted the term Nirvana with a certain amount of irony. Furthermore, the word is fully imbedded in the modern vocabulary. But in reality, to most people in ¬ the Western world, religious nirvana is a total mystery. Both known religious traditions Hinduism andRead MoreWhy Do Men Suffer Pain And Sorrow? Essay1655 Words   |  7 Pagesdo men suffer pain and sorrow?† He lived with holy men, fasted, and inflicted tortures upon himself. One day Gautama sat under the kind of Indian fig tree, known as the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India, and vows never to stand up until he finds the truth, leading to enlightenment. After a 49 days meditation Gautama Siddhartha achieved enlightenment. Since them, Gautama was known to the world as the Buddha or Awakened One. Another story says that along with five fellows led by Kaundinya, Gautama decidedRead MoreThe Four Noble Truths Are The Essence Of Buddhist Thought1665 Words   |  7 PagesThe Four Noble Truths are the essence of Buddhist thought. Apparent throughout Buddha’s teachings are his desire to teach the techniques of discipline and uncover the ways to achieve wisdom, liberation and avoid misery. According to Buddha, the only way to achieve ‘Nirvana’ (a life free from suffering and complete liberation), is to comprehend and practic e what he called the Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble truths require one to: 1. Understand the true nature of suffering (‘Dukkha’). 2. The originRead MoreBuddhism Is A Religion And Philosophy Essay2054 Words   |  9 PagesBuddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. It is the oldest and fourth largest religion in the world with around 500 million followers. Buddhism focuses on teaching people how to come to terms with and end the suffering of themselves and others by cutting out greed, hatred, and ignorance from their lives. Unlike most major world religions, Buddhism does not revolve around worshiping a god or divine creator, instead the focus of Buddhism is living one s bestRead MoreBuddhism Essay1884 Words   |  8 PagesBuddhism According to Websters definition, Buddhism is not a religion. It states that religion is the belief in or worship of God or gods(Websters New World Dictionary pg.505). The Buddha was not a god(About Buddhism pg.1). There is no theology, no worship of a deity or deification of the Buddha(Butter pg.1) in Buddhism. Therefore Buddhists dont pray to a creator god(Buddhism FAQs pg.1). Consequently, Buddhism is catagorized as a philosophy, but is still regarded it as aRead MoreThe Fundamental Principles Of Buddhism And Islam1585 Words   |  7 PagesThe following paper is going to discuss and describe the fundamental principles of Buddhism and Islam, consider the common and distinctive attributes and outline their influence and presence in modern Asia. The notion of religion is the fundamental foundation, and later the central body, for all past, present and future societies and cultures. The majority of the world’s population fabricates their own unique identity through the values and morals of the religion with which they follow. The present

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Essay on The Ladies Paradise by Émile Zola - 1710 Words

The Ladies Paradise by Émile Zola Zolas portrayal of men and their attitudes towards women may be the relation between that of, the controller and the controlled. One is made to believe that it is the men who control the women, and although this is the case in most instances of the Ladies Paradise, there are two people who ensue in resisting against all odds, at being run over by the machine that captivated and engulfed the late nineteenth century bourgeois household unit. They are the elegant Mademoiselle Boudu and the brushy eye browed Monsieur Bourras. One of the main characters Monsieur Mouret (governor of the Ladies Paradise) spectacularly uses the lower classes as a tool to increase the perception of happenings in his store.†¦show more content†¦And even their hunger is driven on by his schedule, for onlookers gaze in astonishment when the gates are closed, suppressing their appetites in delight that they will be once again fulfilled when the governors gates reopen. The door knobs had been removed, and the people on the pavement were stopping to look through the windows, surprised to see the shop closed when there was such extraordinary activity going on inside (p.276). In previous sales of the Paradise, Mouret had placed chintzy items that were of low value and low cost nearest to the entrance, to entice the lower classes to come in and give the impression that the whole shop was in a flurry of activity. The patrons were accustomed to this activity equating it to excitement thereby ensuing intrigue, that although in this previous instance the stares were merely of employees taking stock, the chattel were anticipating their next meal. Being that this was on a Sunday too, one is moved to assume that this is the beginning of religion taking a seat to the periphery in contrast to consumerism. For in the introduction of the novel it is mentioned of the new public sphere in which women enjoyed the benefits of what was before only open to the majority of men. That is the benefits of leisurely activities like dinning, spectacle, and evening public conversation. Where before their main outlet was theShow MoreRelatedEssay on Power and Manipulation in The Ladies Paradise1878 Words   |  8 PagesPower and Manipulation in The Ladies Paradise As the world has grown throughout the centuries, females have generally been under the domination of males. This remained culturally entrenched until the late nineteenth century, when women began to appear in public more often and also began to join alongside men in the work force. In the network of employees and employers in the emerging institution of the Parisian department store, men and women depended on each other for survival in the workplaceRead MoreA Woman’s Paradise on Earth: The Rise of the Department Store2022 Words   |  9 Pagesboth society and by each other because they became â€Å"modern women† rather the â€Å"traditional women† that they’d been seen as before. In his novel, The Ladies’ Paradise by Emile Zola published in 1883, Zola said that the department store was a â€Å"giant fairground display, as if the shop was bursting and throwing its surplus stock out into the street† (Zola, and Nelson 5). The department store in Zola’s novel was based off Le Bon Marche, founded by Aristide Boucicaut in 1838 and it became the most famousRead MoreThe Bon Marchà © Essay1735 Words   |  7 PagesThe Bon Marchà © achieves the goal of telling a 19th century social history that strongly links the firms rise to social and cultural trends that sparked along with the human side of the story that made the store a possible success. Émile Zola’s The Ladies Paradise, is a novel that tells the story of Denise Baudu, a 20 year old woman who comes to Paris to work at the department store Au Bonheur des Dames. The novel is set from the employees perspective,and describes in detail the thirteen hourRead MoreThe Roles of Women in France863 Words   |  3 Pagesduring the July Revolution of 1830 which dumped King Charles X of France. Delacroix depicted Liberty as both an allegorical goddess-figure and a robust woman of the people. The mound of corpses in the painting acts as a kind of pedestal from which lady Liberty conquers the battlefield, barefoot and bare-breasted. She wears a Phrygian cap that has come to symbolize liberty during the first French Revolution of 1789–94. The painting has been analyzed as an end of the Age of Enlightenment transitioning

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Does It Mean A Black Family - 971 Words

What does it mean to be a black family? In todays society a typical black family would be described as a single parent home, drug and/or alcohol abuse, or being on welfare (Stereotypes of African Americans). However, not all black families are structured as such. I believe every black family is different. For instance, my mom’s family, the Turners, have different values, beliefs, traditions, and patterns than my dad’s family, the Jeffries. Values The Turner and Jeffries have similar yet different values. The Turners value family and having a strong connecting. The Turner’s family consists of four generations therefore making them a multigenerational family (Martin Martin). Although, some family lives down south and some live up north they still use resources to stay in touch and communicate with each other. Also, in order to keep the strong bond the down south family would visit up north or vice versa. Like the Turners the Jeffries value family as well but to be more specific they value the elders in the family. For instance, the past thanksgivings was held at my great aunts house because she’s getting older everyone thought it would be nice to spend thanksgivings at her house and bond with her. Both my family values have taught me that no matter the age or no matter the distance always find a way to make time for your family. FAMILY ANALYSIS Beliefs Both the Turners and Jeffries attend church and believe in a god. On the other hand I believe the Turners are a littleShow MoreRelatedRace Affect The Depth And Strength Of A Family Essay945 Words   |  4 PagesMany people question, does race affect the depth and strength of a family’s ties? Gerstel and Sarkisian used their essay, â€Å"The Color of Family Ties,† to support their opinion that yes; race does have a direct effect on the strength of a family. â€Å"We often hear that Black and Latino/a, especially Puerto Rican, families are more disorganized than White families, and that their family ties are weaker, because rates of non-marriage and single parenthood are higher among these minority groups. (GerstelRead MoreBlack Ish And The Abc Sitcom988 Words   |  4 PagesBlack-ish strategically intertwines the multiple perspectives of its three generational cast to show that ideas linked to race are not finite and that they can change over time. Blackish attempts t o address the ways in which society views the African-American race in a light hearted, comedic manner. The ABC sitcom is centered around a modern African-American family living in suburban California. The cast is comprised of two parents, four children, and a grandfather. Each character plays a vital roleRead MoreThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1349 Words   |  6 PagesChristmas dinner and Easter that is spent with families. Yes, this certain tradition is spent with family and has a religious aspect to it, but it does not have a happy outcome such as the others. What Jackson is trying to portray throughout her short story is that their tradition is stronger than religion, and in doing so causes them to do more harm than good. A name can mean a lot of things. Everyone’s name means something different. A name is what describes who you are and how people know youRead MoreStigmatization Of Black Queer Men Essay1679 Words   |  7 Pages Stigmatization of Black Queer Men For every Black man that is born, each is gifted with the rigid expectations of being a hyper-masculine male. These expectations seemed to be passed down through generations from family members. The study African American Gay Youth and Their Families: Redefining Masculinity, Coping with Racism and Homophobia.†, portrays some of the hardships of coming out within this specific community. A mother who was interviewed in this study said â€Å"You are told to be a man †¦Read MoreAmst Final Essaay1183 Words   |  5 Pagesissues of love and race are taken too far. In today’s society it is not as much of an issue to see interracial couples together as it used to be in the past, but that does not mean that it is not still an issue for some people. Throughout the semester we have studied different ways that not only in the cases of love but also family, friendship, and community are affected by racial issues both past and present, which only goes to show that racism sti ll exists in our world today despite all of theRead MoreAnalysis Of Fire From The Rock By Sharon M. Draper1205 Words   |  5 Pages What does the term â€Å"home† mean? 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Because black people deserve it, because black people had it coming to them, or i s it complete and utter ignoranceRead MoreSummary Of Wicked And Lawless Men By Anne Marshall889 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1865 the Freedmen’s Bureau was created by Congress to help former black slaves and poor Southern whites after the Civil War. In chapter three, Wicked and Lawless Men, in Anne Marshall’s book, she stated that the Freedmen’s Bureau was to â€Å"provide a legal voice for the freedmen by negotiating labor contracts between African Americans and their employers and attempting to quell racial violence†¦ (Marshall 61).† The bureau was to also help provide education, housing, as well as food distributionRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee858 Words   |  4 Pagesarrived at the Finch household shows the racism and bias of Alexandra. From the beginning, Alexandra treated Calpurnia with no respect and excluded her from the Finch family. Calpurnia is a low-class black woman and most of the Finch family, excludi ng Atticus, are racist and elitist. Calpurnia is the opposite of this. As a low-class black woman, it is obvious that she would dislike Alexandra as Alexandra believes she is better than Calpurnia and treats her as such. Alexandra s character embodies theRead MoreWhy Does Poverty Still Exist Among Black Americans? Essay1359 Words   |  6 Pages Why does poverty still exist among Black Americans? 2016 FA.Soc.220.02 Social Problems Kesha Hicks â€Æ' â€Å"The United States has the highest poverty rate of any advance industrial nation† (Elizabetha, 2013). For many years, black people have considered to be the poorest race in the United states. There have been many government programs put in place to help poverty among black Americans. Such as welfare, unemployment, and Medicaid just to name a few. The question is, with so many government programs

Social Media And The Internet - 1564 Words

Teens around the United States are all associated with social media and the Internet. Many years ago, before phones and computers were invented, simply going outside to play was a great way to spend time with friends and be entertained. Technology has evolved greatly since these days. Teens can communicate, post pictures, and search anything on the Internet nowadays. Although social media is a very big hit in this century, the real question is, is it safe? What does the use of social media and the Internet lead teens to do? Social media and the internet have caused teens to be violated and go missing, become addicted to drugs and alcohol, and even begin to have mental health problems due to cyber bullying. Teens need to be limited and monitored on all social media and the Internet to help keep them safe and away from the many bad influences it holds. Teens today find that most of their socializing is done over the Internet and social media. Anyone can search up a name or look up a ph oto of somebody and automatically talk to him or her behind the screen of a computer or phone. The safety of many teens is put in danger due to this ability they have. Not every human being who uses the Internet and social media has good intentions nor do they use it for the reasons that it is made for. Frank Kardasz part of the AICACTF (Arizona Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force) states while most people who use the social networking sites are probably friendly andShow MoreRelatedThe Internet And Social Media946 Words   |  4 PagesInternet and Social Media The advent of the Information Age linked people to one another, across vast expanses of geographic space through a simple home computer. While early home users paid per minute of access, the service providers quickly offered a set, monthly fee for access and continuously growing bandwidth availability to remain competitive as users started streaming videos, music, and live broadcasts. Along with entertainment and communication between people, the internet also offers neverRead MoreThe Internet And Social Media927 Words   |  4 PagesThe internet and social media instantly connects individuals anywhere in the world with each other. This instant connection can be beneficial to nurses in the workplace. It enables quicker communication between staff and is an unlimited resource of information for nurses and patients. The downside is that nurses have to be careful of what they put online. Social media can be a great tool to improve patient care when used appropriately. An article titled To Tweet or not to Tweet? Nurses, Social MediaRead MoreSocial Media And The Internet Essay1362 Words   |  6 PagesSocial media and the internet have changed the way people in the music industry do business, along with how people in society receive music. People in the music industry have had to reevaluate everything that they have done in the past, in order to adapt to how things are now. Artists are now taking control of their own careers; because of that major labels are not making as much money as they did before. Through the internet and social media artists have been releasing there own music on sitesRead MoreThe Internet And Social Media1437 Words   |  6 Pagescontinues. The internet and various social media have been changing the arena in which people communicate with each other. People use the internet to interact with various individuals all over the world. The internet has bridged the gap between communicating with individuals as they connect with family, friends and other individuals in society. As individuals embraces the evolution of technology, there are multiple ways individuals can communicate with each other. Social media has been theRead MoreThe Internet and Social Media1212 Words   |  5 Pagesthe Internet, technology has vastly changed the way we live and communicate. This technological revolution we have gone through has brought about many new things into our daily lives. The birth of social media has completely changed technology, and they way we use it. We can now communicate with each other from anywhere around the world. We can update people on our current location. We can have a conversation over text. We can inform people exactly what we are doing at any given time. Social mediaRead MoreThe Internet And Social Media Essay2046 Words   |  9 Pagesconnection where a person’s access to the internet is limited only by whether they have an internet ready device. The internet has allowed users to freely and effortlessly communicate with each other across the globe. This has opened up new and exciting prospects including forming friends aboard, creating a personal blog and competing in online games with people from other countries. It is estimated that around 2.95 billion people around the world use social media web-sites. In the United States (US)Read MoreSocial Media And The Internet1866 Words   |  8 Pagestelevisions, and in the past few decades, the internet. According to History.com, in 1965, the first connection between two computers was made, and many advances occurred until the web we know today was birthed in 1991 by a swiss man named Tim Berners-Lee. This is when the world wide web, that WWW that appears on almost every URL, began to take shape, and where people could access an array of information. The internet seems to be the culmination of all these social media communication inventions. There areRead MoreInternet Usage Of Social Media1144 Words   |  5 PagesOVERVIEW: Internet usage has become a heavily integrated and important characteristic of current and contemporary society. It would be rare to meet anyone who has not yet used any aspect of the Internet. In fact, according to the article, Social Media Update 2016 written by Shannon Greenwood, Andrew Perrin, and Maeve Duggun of the Pew Research center, â€Å"86% of Americans are currently internet users† (Greenwood et al.) This percentage includes teenagers, emerging adults, and adults. Below are observationsRead MoreThe Rise Of The Internet And Social Media974 Words   |  4 Pagesheart of marketing, the core function is to create and deliver value to the consumer. The rise of the internet has seen the rise of the global consumer. Meaning businesses are not restricted by geographical location, increasing the speed and amount of potential customers within markets, presenting both a challenge and an opportunity for marketers. However since the rise of the internet and soc ial media, Poiesz and van Raaij (2007) state that in increasingly crowded markets, and increasingly sophisticatedRead MoreThe Emergence Of The Internet And Social Media1079 Words   |  5 PagesThe emergence of the Internet and social media has had a tremendous impact on the theory and practice of advertising, public relations and marketing disciplines. Advertising spending on the Internet has outpaced all other traditional media (Center for Media Research, 2004). In the last two years, the number of social networking tools and the number of people using those tools have exploded, thus the rules are constantly changing and there is considerable uncertainty on how to employ these tools from

Case Study Vscribes Free Essays

Case  Study Vasant  Scribes Product  Ã‚  Brand  Management Professor  Dr. Sanjay  Patro Situation  Analysis   In  the  past  2  years  V  Scribes  has  diversified  into  two  new  streams  of  business  namely  Medical   Billing  and  Market  Analytics. Their  core  Medical  transcription  business  has  given  them  good  growth  in  the  initial  years  and  is   in  the  maturity  stage  with  consolidations  /  acquisitions. We will write a custom essay sample on Case Study Vscribes or any similar topic only for you Order Now Last  year  there  was  zero  growth  for  V   scribes  in  this  line. The  two  new  product  lines  are  not  giving  returns  as  expected  by  the  management. Medical   billing   is   a   forward   integration   business   whereas   Market   Analytics   is   high   end   specialized  sector  Ã‚   Case  Facts  Ã‚   Small   Firm   in   third   tier,   entered   into   this   segment   from   chemicals   in   the   initial   phase   of   product   life   cycle. Enjoyed   growth   from   repeat   customers   (   62. 5%),   References   (   45%)   and   Associates   (   50% How to cite Case Study Vscribes, Free Case study samples

Women and Horror in Friday the 13th Essay Example For Students

Women and Horror in Friday the 13th Essay Friday the 13th is a 1980 American slasher film directed by Sean S. Cunningham and written by Victor Miller. The film revolves around a group of teenagers who are murdered one by one while attempting to reopen an abandoned campground which has a terrible past of murders and deaths including an incident of a drowning of a young boy named Jason. The film is also considered one of the first â€Å"true† slasher films in film history. Slasher films are a sub-genre of horror films, which typically involves a violent psychopath murdering a sequence of victims, usually with a bladed tool such as a knife. The slasher genre often has conventions that include brutal killings showing blood and gore and suffering, screeching and loud music to hint the appearance of the killer that he was near and that something was going to happen soon, and also dark lighting for more mystery and suspense. The general representation of gender were shown through the lead girl character Alice and the killer, Pamela, who was Jason’s mother. Alice was represented as a modest and decent girl and appearing quite â€Å"boyish† (having a haircut that very similarly looks like Luke Skywalker’s haircut, and it was also shown in the scene where she was nailing and repairing the roof doing â€Å"man† work which desexualizes her in the film). Alice was seen as a virginal woman in the film as she did not strip in the Strip Monopoly game. After Jason’s mother, Pamela’s death it showed that Alice finally killed her and that only a woman can overpower another woman. Also, in the film, the killer was portrayed that as Jason’s mother because the male audience finds it more acceptable for the killer to be woman (or as a psychologically messed up male) since they cannot accept the fact that a normal male cannot kill. It is typically portrayed that Alice (the final girl) being masculine and virginal and therefore she lives while the other girls who are sexually promiscuous, die. In some ways, the society in the 1960’s was the opposite of that of the 80’s. The 1960’s were years of protest and reform young Americans demonstrated against the Vietnam War, African Americans demonstrated for civil rights, and women demonstrated for equal treatment. For many, societys hero was the person who helped others. However, for many in the 1980’s society’s hero was the person who helped himself and success seemed to be measured only by how much money a person made. During the Black Civil Rights Movement, women realized that if African Americans could have equal rights then so should women. Women realized that they could be more independent the invention of the â€Å"pill† gave women more control and were no longer thought of as traditional women who stayed home and looked after children. The role of women in the 1960’s were for them to be good housewives, to get married at an early age and for them to devote the rest of their life to housework. Even if women had jobs, (which are very rare, and those who did have one were often single women who had no one to support them financially) they had the typical nurse, teacher or secretary jobs which were incredibly biased. Married women need not work as their husbands was the sole breadwinner in the family. However, after the Feminist movement in the 1980’s, women had much more independence and the freedom to do what they like and they did not need to only have that â€Å"housewife† role, they had many more options that opened up and they were deemed equal to men and started to have jobs and were definitely freer and could support themselves more, with better paying jobs with higher salaries as well. The idea of the 1960’s â€Å"perfect big family† died down as well due to the introduction of the contraceptive pill that women could take and going on birth control helped them to widen their control over their own lives and body and women could start controlling the way their lives work. The role of women definitely changed in the timeline of 20 years, and it was that women’s name in society risen up and they could be seen as independent as men and could be able to do the same jobs that some men were doing equally as well and they were no longer seen as weak and dependent on men. A very typical convention of the slasher genre is the final girl, the term coined by media theorist Clover, which is a very common convention which specifically refers to a lone woman or girl alive becoming the last one standing to fend off and confront the villain/killer and is also the last one left to be able to tell the story. There had been many different films where the final girl was observed such as Halloween, Scream, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre and also definitely also shown in Friday the 13th. Clover suggests that in these films, the viewer begins by sharing the perspective of the killer but then experiences a shift in identification to the final girl partway through the film. Final girls are always portrayed as a very good and decent female, a virginal and moralistic figure (that often survives because she has not sinned) who also avoids the vices of victims such as sex and narcotic usage; often does not want to drink, smoke or do drugs as a symbol of her special status. Wish Fulfillment in Modern Film EssayThis look could be voyeuristic (women viewed as virtuous and beautiful) or fetishistic (women viewed as excessively sexual beings). One example of Mulvey’s theory fitting into the film was in the scene when the teenagers were playing Strip Monopoly, where they had to remove pieces of clothing to â€Å"pay up† for their rents. Even though Alice (the final girl) does not strip, the other girl did strip and was seen in her bra, giving the male audience the pleasure seeing this female character strip and some women in this film was indeed sexualized. The females beside Alice in the film were very revealing ever since the opening scene. There were not any scenes where Alice’s two other female friends were not showing skin or have their boobs pushed up and they were wearing tight fitting clothes and showing off their body unlike Alice who were very decently dressed and was not at all girly. This sexual representation gave the male audience while the female audience rather has to accept that they were presented and acted in this way in the film. One female character was killed in the bathroom scene which can relate to the â€Å"anal† stage of the Mulvey theory which also breaks some of the Hays Code by showing sexual scenes between couples, which shows the objectification of women in the sex scenes. Investigating scopophilia, which means the pleasure of watching, one example from the scene was when the power goes off (because of the doings of the killer), we as an audience, ‘the bearer of the gaze, have relatively more power as we know why the power has gone off but the characters in the film did not which therefore further investigates Male Power. These fit into Mulvey’s Gaze theory that women are being viewed as objects and sexualized (which leads to them being killed following the Final Girl theory as they have sinned and should be punished) while the decent and virgin woman (not being sexualized in this case) survived the ordeal, thus confirming the Gaze theory. The final outcome of this film is that â€Å"the final girl†, being Alice, is the last and also the majority of the time the only survivor in the typical horror/slasher film. The reason being is that she does not engage in drugs, alcohol or in any type of sexual acts. The final outcome showed Alice overpowering the female killer, who was Jason’s mother. This therefore shows that only a woman could overpower another woman in contrast to the movie Psycho where it was a man who overpowered the killer. Film-makers, even in our more modern society, is likely to still target sexually active women and virgins the reality is that the average eighteen year old female would have engaged in sexual intercourse or would have also, taken or tried drugs and smoking and also have taken alcohol as well. Directors and producers are still using rather traditional morals in the horror/slasher genre. Modern day horror/slasher movies are still using the final girl theory and still following along the rules that if a girl has â€Å"sinned†, be it sexually or by taking drugs/alcohol, must be punished and killed off while the decent girl is allowed to live (however, she must also go through a big amount of suffering. ) The killer in Friday the 13th is a woman because the final girl in the film can’t overpower a man (or a proper man if the killer was a male, he had to be psychologically or mentally sick). The representation of women in all of this is that the ‘Final Girl’ only survives if she is a â€Å"good masculine virgin. † The message being put across to the audience is that if you do participate in not â€Å"moral† activities, you will definitely die, meaning â€Å"not go far in life†. Women are being subjected to men, because of the way that women were being represented in Friday the 13th where the girls â€Å"acted† wildly being sexually promiscuous towards men, and thus were looked on by the male audience that they were more of sexual objects rather than good, proper women. Women who do not follow the typical â€Å"rules of horror† would definitely get killed off (if they have sex, do drugs). This representation gives off the effect that women needs to be proper and extremely decent if they want to do well and go far in society. This definitely affects the society and the representation of women negatively as the society would definitely look down upon and negatively treat someone because of the certain â€Å"wrongdoings† that they have done in their life. Women now has to think that they have to act a certain and â€Å"good† and â€Å"decent† way for them to be accepted by society and this is definitely not right as women should be given the most right to do whatever they want in their lives without the horrible judgement of other people in the society. Society, especially in media, should start representing women in a more independent manner that women are able to be strong and independent as well and could go far in our society despite sometimes not â€Å"following† the fixed rules.